Analyse des écoulements autour de structures en mouvement forcé de tangage : application à la propulsion instationnaire

Abstract : This thesis work is part of the fundamental context of unsteady marine propulsion. The propulsive performances of different aspect ratios (span to corde) profiles, in harmonic pitching motion are analyzed. The main active part of a natural propulsion system, such as a fish caudal fin, is modelled by simple, thin and rigid profiles that are almost identical, with the exception of the very high aspect ratio of the first profile (4.8), called two-dimensional, and very low aspect ratio of the second (1/6), called three-dimensional. The pitching motion is imposed on the third corde, starting from the leading edge of the profiles immersed in a flow. The objective is to vary the Strouhal number, based on the total excursion amplitude of the trailing edge of the profile, over a relatively small and narrow range, where several aquatic species evolve. This range is therefore interesting for the study of artificial propulsion systems. The propulsion capability was inferred by analyzing the structure of the induced flow in the wake, and by determining the actual force exerted by the profile on the flow. Due to the significant effects of the induced drag associated with marginal vortices and those of the viscous drag, inversely proportional to the aspect ratio, it appears that the propulsive performance of the three-dimensional profile is much lower than that of the two-dimensional profile. The influence of flapping parameters on propulsive performance has also been studied.
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Joseph Moubogha Moubogha. Analyse des écoulements autour de structures en mouvement forcé de tangage : application à la propulsion instationnaire. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ENAM0056⟩. ⟨tel-02077335v2⟩

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