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Quantum simulation of spin models with assembled arrays of Rydberg atoms

Abstract : Single atoms trapped in arrays of optical tweezers and excited to Rydberg states are a promising experimental platform for the quantum simulation of spin models. In this thesis, we first solved a long-standing challenge to this approach caused by the random loading of the traps, with only 50% of them filled with single atoms. We have engineered a robust and easy-to-use method to assemble perfectly filled two-dimensional arrays of 87Rb atoms by moving them one by one with a moveable optical tweezers controlled by computer, a technique further enhanced to trap, image and assemble three-dimensional arrays. We then implemented the quantum Ising model by coherently coupling ground-state atoms to a Rydberg level. After finding experimental parameters where the dipole-dipole interaction takes the ideal form of a van der Waals shift, we performed adiabatic preparation of the Néel state. We showed that the coherence time of our excitation lasers limited the efficiency of this technique. We then used a different type of interaction, a resonant dipolar coupling, to implement XY spin models and notably the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model, known for its fermionic topological phase protected by the chiral symmetry. Here, we used effective hard-core bosons, which modify the properties of the topological phase. We first recovered known properties at the single particle level, such as the existence of localized zero-energy edge-states. Then, preparing the many-body ground state at half-filling, we observed a surprising robustness of its four-fold degeneracy upon applying a perturbation. This result was explained by the existence of a more general symmetry protecting the bosonic phase.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 2, 2019 - 5:23:25 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02088297, version 1


Sylvain De Leseleuc de Kerouara. Quantum simulation of spin models with assembled arrays of Rydberg atoms. Optics [physics.optics]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLO007⟩. ⟨tel-02088297⟩



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