Mise en phase active de fibres laser en régime femtoseconde par méthode interférométrique

Abstract : Femtosecond fiber sources are used in a large number of applications (industrial, medical, fundamental physics) with a growing need in high energy pulses at high repetion rate. Although Ti: Saphirre technology provides energies up to PetaWatt, its repetion rate is low (up to 1 Hz). An alternative is to use an amplified fiber. However, the extractable energy of a single fiber is intrinsically limited.A solution is then to combine several fibers (up to 10 000 fibers for particle acceleration). Coherent beam combining of fibers with an interferometric method (with a record of 64 fibers combined in the cw regime) has proven to be an excellent candidate to combine a large number of fibers.The XCAN project, a collaboration between l'Ecole polytechnique and Thales, aims to realize a demonstrator of 61 fibers coherently combined in the femtosecond regime.The works presented in this thesis are part of this project.In order to study the hard points inherent to the femtosecond regime and to free from the amplification issues, the interferometric method has been implemented on a passive demonstrator, meaning without amplification, of 19 fibers. Once the interferometric method validated, it has been succesfully tested on the amplified XCAN demonstrator.We present also the works done to increase a key parameter of beam combining systems : the combining efficiency. To do this, we have realized a beam shaping of the fiber array output beams. This beam shaping, gaussian to super-gaussian, is done with two arrays of phase plates. The aspherical profiles calculation is described. In order to validate our simulations we have tested the phase plates on the passive demonstrator by getting an increase of 14 %.The works presented in this manuscript are the first steps towards a new massively parallel laser architecture, able to provide both high peak power and high average power.
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Jérémy Le Dortz. Mise en phase active de fibres laser en régime femtoseconde par méthode interférométrique. Physique [physics]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLX071⟩. ⟨tel-02089823⟩

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