Mise en œuvre de nanocomposites à matrice chitosane pour renforcer l’imperméabilité aux gaz de films d’emballage alimentaire

Abstract : In order to protect food, the packaging industry performs a film coating with a very thin polymer layer to increase its gas barrier properties. The major problem of these coatings is that they are generally made of poly(vinylidene chloride) which leads to a toxic gas production during incineration. In view of the rapid change of the global environmental restrictions that become quite stringent, bioplastics seem promising alternatives. In this context, this thesis deals with a fundamental study of poly(ethylene terephthalate) films coated with a polysaccharide: chitosan. Chitosan offers good barrier properties in dry conditions. However, its application in the packaging is limited because of its hydrophilic character. Therefore, the main goal of our work is on one hand to enhance the dry barrier properties of the material through adding nanoclays and on the other hand to improve its resistance to moisture by incorporating palmitic acid by grafting it to the chitosane backbone. The incorporation efficiency of vermiculite was confirmed by DLS, DVS and XRD. A barrier improvement factor (BiF) of about 100 for helium and more than 10 for dioxygen with the addition of 50% vermiculite was obtained under dry conditions. The grafting of palmitic acid has been confirmed by FTIR spectroscopy, ATG, DSC and RMN. The results of helium permeability measurements showed an improvement of the barrier factor (BIF) of 2 in the case of a chitosan-grafted-palmitic acid layer with 60 weight% of vermiculite compared to the uncoated PET at 98% RH.
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Fatima Essabti. Mise en œuvre de nanocomposites à matrice chitosane pour renforcer l’imperméabilité aux gaz de films d’emballage alimentaire. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ENAM0059⟩. ⟨tel-02107642⟩

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