Nouveau récepteur radio numérique pour les observations astrophysiques spatiales dans la bande de fréquence 1 kHz à 50 MHz

Abstract : Several astronomical phenomena emit low-frequency radio waves such as solar flares, magnetospheres, pulsars ... Some of these emissions are poorly captured by ground-based observatories mainly because of the Earth’s ionospheric cutoff frequency. It becomes necessary to send radio receivers in space to acquire them. However, these receivers are faced with strong restrictions on storage capacity, energy consumption and transmission rate.To overcome these challenges, sampling architectures should be reviewed and improved. A recent paradigm for signal acquisition and reconstruction, known as compressive sampling hat require a limited number of measurements and leads to the development of a new type of converter : the Analog to Information Converter (AIC). Unlike standard Analog to Digital converters (ADC), AIC can sample at a lower rate than that prescribed by Nyquist Shannon, exploiting the sparsity of signals.The main goal of this thesis is to study the application of compressed sampling for the acquisition of spatial astrophysical signals in the frequency band [1 kHz to 50 MHz]. We focus on signals emitted by the two brightest radio sources in the sky as seen from the Earth, namely the Sun and Jupiter. Based on the characteristic properties of our signals of interest, we progressively and methodologically constructed our acquisition scheme : From the study of signals compressibility, to the choice of the AIC architecture and the signal reconstruction algorithm. We also proposed a new, flexible and programmable implementation of the selected AIC which allows the acquisition of different types of signal having the same compressibility domain and with different compression factors. Using a 65-nm CMOS technology, we evaluated the gain in terms of the amount of data acquired and power consumed of this architecture compared to the traditional analog-to-digital converter.
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Yosra Gargouri. Nouveau récepteur radio numérique pour les observations astrophysiques spatiales dans la bande de fréquence 1 kHz à 50 MHz. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Télécom ParisTech; Baptiste, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENST0057⟩. ⟨tel-02114440⟩

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