Structure et élasticité des films moussés : Effets de la distribution des tailles des bulles

Abstract : The subject of this experimental work is the study of foam films mechanics with a confined structure because of their low thickness. With our foaming method using polyurethane particles dispersion, we generated foam films with independent control over the gas fraction (or the density), the thickness e or the pore size distribution (with a mean diameter D ̅_b). For this last parameter, we focused on monodisperse, bidisperse and polydisperse distributions. Obtained structures were studied using X-ray tomography to quantify confinement-induced order (density profiles, pore center spatial position, structural elements size,…). The mechanics of such foam films was studied in both uniaxial tension (in-plane) and compression (orthogonal plan). A particular work was done on the polymer matrix in order to determine reduced values (moduli and characteristic stress) to compare our results with models in the literature. We show that in addition to the classic density effect, the mean number of bubbles across the thickness, i.e. e⁄D ̅_b is a determinant parameter for both stress directions. In tension, parietal walls contribute to increase the elastic modulus of films with respect to non-confined foam. This effect on the mechanical strength is even more important (up to two times) when e⁄D ̅_b is small without any effect regarding the pore size distribution. In compression, parietal walls do not contribute directly to the measured values but the confinement still has an important role, this time depending on the pore size distribution. Indeed, monodisperse foam films are organized in polycrystals with much better mechanical characteristics compared to polydisperse foam films that present numerous mechanical weak spots caused by initial bubble packing defects. Bidisperse foam films mechanical behavior is either close to monodisperse or polydisperse foam films respectively for high or small e⁄D ̅_b ratio
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Aymeric Mouquet. Structure et élasticité des films moussés : Effets de la distribution des tailles des bulles. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PESC1108⟩. ⟨tel-02127706⟩

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