Impact du point de vue et de la fidélité des avatars sur les sentiments de présence et d'incarnation en environnement virtuel immersif.

Abstract : The work undertaken in this doctoral thesis focuses on the impact of different perceptual and graphical modalities that can affect user experience in immersive virtual environment. Our research takes position in a context where a majority of virtual reality applications are based on a first-person perspective leading to a natural transfer of our perceptual mechanisms. However, these applications often use partial representation or even omit the integration of visual entities representing the presence of the user and thus limiting the induction of a sense of embodiment within the virtual environment.In this context, our study contributes to expanding the knowledge concerning the influence of perspective and avatar visual fidelity on user experience. On a theoretical level, our work proposes an articulation of the notions of presence and embodiment through a meta-model based on intrications identified between these concepts during our literature review. On an experimental level, the three studies conducted as part of our research make it possible to identify several factors impacting the sense of presence and embodiment, user behavior and performance in terms of navigation and interaction. Our first experiment demonstrates the possibility of using a third-person perspective in virtual reality while maintaining a high sense of embodiment. Our results also make it possible to identify the potentialities enabled by first- and third-person in terms of perception, navigation and interaction. Afterward, we conducted studies on visual fidelity that demonstrate the positive impact of the similarity between users' appearance and that of their avatar on the evaluation of models' attractiveness and on the character selection process. Finally, the results of our third experiment demonstrate the positive impact of avatars' truthfulness on the sense of embodiment, as well as its effect on the subjective experience and behavior of users in immersive virtual environment.
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Geoffrey Gorisse. Impact du point de vue et de la fidélité des avatars sur les sentiments de présence et d'incarnation en environnement virtuel immersif.. Génie des procédés. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019ENAM0004⟩. ⟨tel-02145747⟩

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