Prévision du Dynamic Line Rating et impact sur la gestion du système électrique

Abstract : Dynamic Line Rating is the modification of the maximal current capacity of an overhead electrical line, depending on weather characteristics. Such modifications allow important decreases of congestion phenomena, around 99% of the time.Similarly to renewable generation, it is possible to forecast the modified constraints, accordingly to some historic observations, weather predictions and artificial intelligence methods.In this document, the development of short-term probabilistic DLR forecast models. A focus is especially made on methods providing forecasts having a very low probability of being overestimated. This is made through the development and the comparison of several forecast methods, and some improvements such as the remodelling of very low quantile forecasts with tail density modelling.Following that, a reflection is proposed on the use of such forecasts in practice, first with some simplified test cases, then with electrical grid simulations. These approaches allow us developing new strategies for the use of the DLR forecasts, maximizing the social welfare while keeping risks associated with forecasts errors at low levels.Finally, an evaluation of the forecast models function of their economic value is made with the electrical grids models, and the value of the proposed modifications of the forecast models is then demonstrated.
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Romain Dupin. Prévision du Dynamic Line Rating et impact sur la gestion du système électrique. Energie électrique. PSL Research University, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEM021⟩. ⟨tel-02149342⟩

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