Etude dynamique du procédé de production de méthane à partir d’hydrogène électrolytique basse température

Abstract : The present work deals with the conceptual study and process design of a storage and recovery unit for renewable energy. The suggested concept is able to absorb the intermittency of the electrical production as a result of the flexibility of the chosen processes. During the storage phase, the unit uses a Proton Exchange Membrane electrolysis system to produce 200 MW of hydrogen, which will then be combined to carbon dioxide in a series of methanation reactors to generate up to 155 MW of Substitute Natural Gas. The recovery phase is carried out in a 480 MW oxy-combustion cycle which is not only able to restore the electrical energy but also provides the required carbon dioxide for the methanation process. The conducted steady state evaluation as well as the sensitivity analysis for the studied plant showed that the overall efficiency on HHV basis can reach up to 69.3% for the electrolysis process, 82.2% for the methanation process and 51.8% for the oxy-combustion cycle. The follow-up unsteady state analysis of the Power-to-Gas process aimed to identify the necessary control strategies adapted to operating conditions variation over time. Such strategies should enable the system to cover a wider load range and subsequently absorb more electrical power. It was found that, by making the right adjustments, the production of synthetic methane can be fulfilled at ranges between 48% and 100% of the nominal power without any external energy requirement. A case study was carried out where the unit was coupled with a 300 MW wind to assess the performance of the Power-to-Gas process under fluctuating electrical source conditions.
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Nouaamane Kezibri. Etude dynamique du procédé de production de méthane à partir d’hydrogène électrolytique basse température. Energie électrique. PSL Research University, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEM056⟩. ⟨tel-02167350⟩

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