Méthodologie expérimentale et numérique pour la tenue résiduelle post impact des structures composites à matrice thermoplastique

Abstract : High-performance thermoplastic composite have been increasingly used in aerospace applications because of their advantageous mechanical properties. Nevertheless, impact damage leads to significant reduction in structure compressive strength although damage may remain unnoticed. Delamination is the most critical damage. Short Beam Shear (SBS) test has been proposed to reproduce impact damage chronology and characterize delamination toughness. Infrared thermography is used for local measuring of fracture toughness in this unclassical test showing unstable fracture growth. Mode II fracture toughness (GIIC) values are comprised between 0.9 and 1.7 N/mm and there was no influence of the loading rate in GIIC values. Discrete Ply Model (DPM) is therefore used to model impact and compression after impact tests on laminated composite structures. Tests have been conducted in order to validate DPM capacity to capture the effects of progressive damage and failure. Impact damage and specimen’s compressive strength is well predicted by DPM. CAI damage propagation is driven by the buckling of the structure. DPM is finally employed to study impact on an industrial sample with a large diameter hole. Impact damage correlates with tests but buckling is difficult to estimate, meaning that rupture of the specimen does not correlate to tests. Nevertheless, DPM shows a good ability to predict damage in thermoplastic composite.
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Pablo García Perez. Méthodologie expérimentale et numérique pour la tenue résiduelle post impact des structures composites à matrice thermoplastique. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ENAM0050⟩. ⟨tel-02186328⟩

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