Durabilité des géosynthétiques en Poly(alcool vinylique)

Abstract : This PhD thesis is mainly based on the study of the impact of environmental factors (temperature, humidity, pH) on the aging of HT-PVAl yarns for the design of geosynthetic strips. The objectives were to identify the degradation products, mechanisms and kinetics, and to determine the impact of aging on the chemical structure, the physical and mechanical properties of the yarns. This study was also aimed at proposing a general methodology for studying the durability of geosynthetic products based on HT-PVAl yarns. These latter are subject to two types of aging: physical aging by absorbing moisture existing in soils, and chemical aging by exposure to the physicochemical conditions of soil. In order to better understand the impact of each factor (temperature, humidity, pH), accelerated aging tests were done in three different environments: thermal aging in air between 70 and 120°C, humid aging between 0 and 100% relative humidity and between 22 and 70°C, and chemical aging in acidic (sulfuric acid, pH = 2.4) and alkaline (sodium hydroxide, pH = 12) aqueous solutions between 50 and 70°C. The samples were characterized at different structural scales: molecular, macromolecular, morphological and macroscopic scales. This multi-technical and multi-scale approach allowed determining the main parameters governing the degradation kinetics of HT-PVAl yarns in aging conditions close to application conditions. In addition, it allowed evidencing degradation tracers that will be then help us to evaluate the degradation state of reinforcement products against time of exposure.
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Yan Bian. Durabilité des géosynthétiques en Poly(alcool vinylique). Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019ENAM0024⟩. ⟨tel-02191666⟩

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