Spheroidization in α/β titanium alloys : experimental analysis and numerical modeling

Abstract : Α/β titanium alloys have many industrial applications in various fields such as aeronautics. Spheroidization is a phenomenon that occurs in initially lamellar α/β titanium alloys during thermomechanical processing and receives considerable attention as spheroidized microstructures exhibit enhanced strength and ductility.Lamellar microstructures are made of colonies of parallel α lamellae developed inside β grains while they are cooled down. Spheroidization actually proceeds in two successive steps: the lamellae first split into smaller α laths, which subsequently undergo spheroidization. This occurs during hot-deformation and subsequent annealing. Lamella splitting occurs where subboundaries were formed inside lamellae during hot-deformation. Over long term annealing the spheroidized α phase particles undergo coarsening. The formation of subboundaries and coarsening were not addressed in this work. The focus has been placed on the interfacial kinetics mechanisms leading α lamellae splitting during the first stages of spheroidization.Hot compression tests and subsequent annealings carried out on Ti-6Al-4V samples confirmed that the thickness and the orientation of the lamellae are important factors with regards to spheroidization. Thinner lamellae and lamellae oriented parallel to the compression axis spheroidize faster. Those experiments contributed to a better understanding of the phenomenon and allowed to introduce a suitable numerical framework to simulate the early stages of spheroidization. A full field method in a Finite Element/ Level Set framework has thus been tested for simulating the involved physical mechanisms of interface migration that lead to lamellae splitting and the subsequent shape evolution of the α laths towards a spheroidal shape. First results are promising and illustrate the potential of this numerical framework
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Danai Polychronopoulou. Spheroidization in α/β titanium alloys : experimental analysis and numerical modeling. Mechanics of materials [physics.class-ph]. PSL Research University, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEM013⟩. ⟨tel-02196069⟩

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