Caractérisation locale du transfert de chaleur aux interfaces solide-solide dans les milieux isolants

Abstract : The aim of this thesis, in collaboration with Saint-Gobain within the framework of a CIFRE funding, is the study of heat transfer at the interface between microscopic objects from which isolation materials are made. During this thesis we developed two new instruments, allowing to investigate the heat transfer between two microscopic glass objects. The first instrument is a scanning probe microscope using a thermosensitive probe (SThM probe) allowing to make a very local temperature measurement or to produce a local heating of a sample in contact with the probe. We used this probe in an unusual way, by gluing a 20µm diameter glass bead on its thermosensitive end, by placing it above a flat glass surface whose temperature is different from that of the bead, and by studying the temperature at the top of this bead as the distance bead-to-plan varies. The "approach curves" obtained in this way and a model using a thermoelectric analogy that we propose allow to give a first estimation of the thermal resistance of contact in a sphere-plane geometry. The second instrument is a new infrared thermography device. It is a contactless method which allows to produce images in the mid-infrared with a spatial resolution better than the diffraction limit, but also to carry out a dynamic measurement of the cooling of a system made of one or more micrometric glass fibers, after a short and local heating by absorption of a pulsed ultraviolet laser. Comparison of these curves recorded on a single fiber or on two crossing fibers makes it possible to obtain an information on the thermal resistance of contact at the crossing of the two fibers. A semi-analytical model that we developed allows us to reproduce these trends on a single fiber, while a perturbative approach exploiting the one-fiber model allows us to reproduce the spatiotemporal evolution of heat within a system of two fibers in contact.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 6, 2019 - 8:39:25 AM
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Elodie Perros. Caractérisation locale du transfert de chaleur aux interfaces solide-solide dans les milieux isolants. Thermique [physics.class-ph]. PSL Research University, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLET030⟩. ⟨tel-02280102⟩

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