Optimal Coordination of Chassis Systems for Vehicle Motion Control

Abstract : A large interest has been given recently to global chassis control. One of the main reasons for this would be the approach of fully autonomous vehicles. These vehicles, especially the SAE (J3016) level 5 of automation, are expected to replace the human driver in all situations. The automated vehicle should be able to manage coupled situations in harmony where longitudinal control, lateral control, and eventually vertical control are involved. To do so, the vehicle has more than one embedded system per control axis. Equipment suppliers and new entering automotive actors are continually proposing new solutions to satisfy a specific performance required from future passenger cars. Consequently, the car manufacturer has to coordinate different subsystems coming from different stakeholders to ensure a safe and comfortable driving experience. Until these days, car manufactures favoured simple solutions consisting on adding a coordination layer downstream the competing subsystems in order to mitigate eventual conflicts. Most of strategies adopted consist on prioritizing one system over another depending on predictable conflicting scenarios. Autonomous vehicles need additional subsystems to operate safely. Interactions between these subsystems will increase to the point of becoming unpredictable. This thesis focus on the coordination approach that should be adopted by future vehicles. Particularly, the coordination layer is moved upstream the standalone subsystems to ensure an optimal control distribution. This layer acts as a supervisor depending on optimization-based control allocation algorithms. The control synthesis is based on robust control theories to face environmental changes and the vehicle’s parameters and dynamics uncertainties. Results showed first that even regarding today’s vehicles, the upstream approach can offer additional advantages when it comes to multiple objectives problems solving. In addition, the upstream approach is able to coordinate subsystems of vehicles with a higher over-actuation. Fault-tolerance can be ensured between completely different chassis systems, and qualitative objectives, if rigorously formalized, can be satisfied. The more numerous subsystems will get in the future, the more relevant the upstream approach would become to vehicle motion control. We expect that the important benefits shown in this thesis thanks to an optimal upstream coordination approach would encourage car manufacturers and equipment to switch towards more open solutions, propose together the necessary standardizations, and accelerate the autonomous vehicles development.
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Moad Kissai. Optimal Coordination of Chassis Systems for Vehicle Motion Control. Automatic Control Engineering. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLY004⟩. ⟨tel-02292877⟩

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