Le capital-investissement peut-il soutenir durablement la croissance des entreprises ? Etude, modèle et conditions d’un capital-régénération

Abstract : Private equity seems to play a key role in firms’ growth. However, the relationship between investment and growth remains poorly understood. Moreover, in recent years, doubts have arisen regarding the correlation between financial valuation and firms’ long-term and virtuous development - especially for mature firms. With a focus on French medium-sized companies (“ETI”), this thesis shows that a specific kind of private equity - that we propose to call “regeneration capital”- could be better conceptualized in order to support firms’ sustainable economic growth and to empower public policy with respect to corporate funding. Regeneration capital, unlike usual private equity asset class, is less related to the firm’s life cycle stage than to the nature of targeted growth. Rather than increasing the performance of existing products, this type of growth emerges from another growth dynamic, that we call “generative growth”, which results from the regeneration of the firm’s products and resources. Based on an analysis of the financial needs of medium-sized companies, as well as on an in-depth case study of medium-sized firms extracted from Bpifrance's investment portfolio, the thesis demonstrates that the growth shortage of medium-sized firms is not due to an equity gap. Empirical evidence rather suggests a lack of valuation of generative growth by traditional investment models. Drawing on existing data, the thesis hence investigates how investors’ financial analysis can be enhanced by integrating an assessment of firms’ innovation capabilities and of the return promises of yet unknown product to be developed. We then discuss the principles but also the risks and prerequisites of regeneration capital. This model not only explains part of medium-sized firms’ difficulties to grow but opens new perspectives on the relationship between corporate finance and design theories.
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Laure-Anne Parpaleix. Le capital-investissement peut-il soutenir durablement la croissance des entreprises ? Etude, modèle et conditions d’un capital-régénération. Gestion et management. PSL Research University, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PSLEM022⟩. ⟨tel-02317982⟩

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