Pompage par LED de concentrateurs luminescents et de lasers dopés aux métaux de transition

Pierre Pichon 1, 2
1 Laboratoire Charles Fabry / Lasers
LCF - Laboratoire Charles Fabry
Abstract : Since the beginning of the 2000s, LED's performance have known dramatic improvements which enable this technology to settle down in numerous application areas. Driven by the lighting market, LED are characterized by their long lifetime, their ruggedness, and their low cost per emitted optical watt. In order to go beyond LED's brightness, they can be coupled to luminescent concentrators.The first part of this work exposes the development of the first luminescent concentrator in the short-wave infrared (or SWIR corresponding to the 1.2-2.5 µm band where LED have very low powers). This work shows that the brightness of the luminescent concentrators in the SWIR exceeds by one order of magnitude LED's brightness in the same spectral range. This light source allows water detection for the agrifood industry and the inspection of silicon wafers for microelectronics. In the visible, the performance of luminescent concentrators (brightness, spectrum, price, mode of operation) offer a unique trade-off between flashlamps and laser diodes. The second part of this work investigates the use luminescent concentrators emitting in the visible to pump solid-state lasers. The compatibility of this new pumping concept is attested with transition-metals-doped crystals, cornerstone of ultrafast laser sources. For the first time, laser oscillations in free-running operation are obtained by LED-pumping of Cr:LiSGAF, Cr:LiSAF, alexandrite and Ti:sapphire. These early results open the way to LED-pumped laser systems. Several systems are implemented such as laser oscillators in pulsed operation (Q-switch and cavity dump) followed by frequency conversions and laser pulses amplifiers.
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Pierre Pichon. Pompage par LED de concentrateurs luminescents et de lasers dopés aux métaux de transition. Optique [physics.optics]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019SACLO011⟩. ⟨tel-02320052⟩

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