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Étude hydroacoustique de la réponse d'une structure à une excitation de couche limite turbulente.

Abstract : The following work consist in the study of the vibroacoustic response of a structure submerged in fluid, under a turbulent boundary layer flow, the response of the structure is driven by the low wavenumber behaviour, for a small Mach number. This work aims at providing better means of predicting the noise radiated in such setups, mainly regarding stealthiness of ships and submarines and noise radiated by outer structures.A numerical modal analysis based on the (u,p,φ) formulation available in the finite element software Code_Aster is performed. The pressure induced by the boudary layer is then described as a sum of plane waves and several harmonical analysis are performed on the reduced problem, projected on the (u,p,φ) modal basis, one for each term of the sum. This allows us to account for the fluid-structure interaction (inertial and acoustic) in confined and infinite fluid domains. Most numerical models found in scientific papers are making the assumption of a light fluid, or a fluid loaded plate, thus not taking clearly into account the fluid-strucure interaction or only the inertialpart. Here the interaction due to the acoustic field radiated by the plate is fully accounted for.The validity of the proposed numerical method is assesed and numerical results are compared to data obtained from an experimental setup used within a hydrodynamic tunnel. Numerically, a good reproduction of the behaviour of the plate is obtained, both in terms of displacement and spectral levels. The acoustic levels are also compared to their numerical counterparts at the position of the transducer. Moreover, an experimantal analysis is performed, for backward and forward steps of height smaller than the thickness of the boundary layer, in order to investigate the influence of such configurations on the boundary layer excitation and on the vibroacoustic response.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02415416, version 1

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Adrien Clement. Étude hydroacoustique de la réponse d'une structure à une excitation de couche limite turbulente.. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0033⟩. ⟨tel-02415416⟩

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