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Study of trm112, a unique methyltransferase activator at the interface between ribosome synthesis and function

Abstract : Methylation is a widely distributed modification found in a variety of substrates involved in different steps of eukaryotic protein translation. Methylation reactions are catalyzed by enzymes called methyltransferases (MTases) generally using S-adenosyl-L- methionine (SAM or AdoMet) as the methyl donor. The effects of methylation on translation are perfectly illustrated by the Trm112 protein, which is an activating platform, essential for the function of four SAM-dependent MTases (Trm9, Trm11, Bud23 and Mtq2) modifying factors participated in protein synthesis. The Trm9-Trm112 and Trm11-Trm112 complexes methylate some tRNAs to form mcm5U34 and m2G10 respectively. The Bud23-Trm112 complex modifies 18S rRNA to form m7G1715 while the Mtq2-Trm112 complex methylates class I translation termination factor eRF1 at glutamine side chain of GGQ motif. Until now, the study of Trm112 network in eukaryotes has been quite clear structurally and functionally, however, little is known for corresponding proteins in Archaea.My PhD project aims to characterize the Trm112 network in archaea using Haloferax volcanii as a model organism and to decipher the mechanisms of substrate modification by Trm112-MTase complexes. This will help understanding the roles of these enzymes in protein synthesis from an evolutionary point of view.Towards this goal, I have generated several H. volcanii strains (Δtrm112, Δtrm112 Trm112-Flag, …). Co-immunoprecipitation of Trm112-Flag coupled to mass spectrometry allowed me identifying a significant number of methyltransferases (MTases), including putative orthologues of eukaryotic Trm112 partners, as potential interactors. I have next validated these new partners by biochemical approaches (co-purification, enzymatic assays, …) and determined the crystal structure for one Trm112-MTase complex. I have then convincing evidences that H. volcanii Trm12 has more MTase partners than the eukaryotic one. My work opens new routes towards the characterization of the role of Trm112 in archaea but has also led to the identification of a new MTase partner of the eukaryotic Trm112.
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Nhan Tran Van. Study of trm112, a unique methyltransferase activator at the interface between ribosome synthesis and function. Molecular biology. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLX052⟩. ⟨tel-02463892⟩

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