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Nocivité en fatigue et contrôle de défauts produits par fabrication additive

Abstract : The Selective Laser Melting Process (SLM) consists in manufacturing metallic parts by melting successive powders layers. This new additive manufacturing method allows building new complex geometries that can help lighten structures, such as lattice parts. However, the mechanical properties of additive manufacturing parts are still an industrial concern, especially for high cycle fatigue behavior. Such parts can indeed comprise surface and internal pores that can be deleterious to mechanical properties. The goal of this thesis is to characterize the influence of porous defects on the high cycle fatigue fatigue performance of 316L SLM parts. Firstly, some key SLM parameters that can control the porosity and the microstructure of fabricated parts were quantified. A distinction between the pore types was proposed, and their characteristics were related to the volumetric energy density delivered by the laser. The microstructure was also investigated, with a focus on crystallographic orientation and grain size, depending on the melt pool overlap and morphology. Secondly, using X-ray tomography, a parametric research was conducted to generate and characterize optimized fatigue samples with a minimal amount of pores. Such samples were used as a reference for other fatigue samples containing various randomly distributed pore populations, with similar microstructures. The relative influence of different internal pore populations on the high cycle fatigue endurance was quantified, for similar surface pore population. Finally, deterministic pores with controlled morphology, position and various dimensions were generated after a detailed parametric optimization. A specific internal crack initiation threshold was evidenced for deterministic defects, which was supposed to be linked to the local gaseous environment during crack initiation and propagation
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 4, 2020 - 2:58:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02466522, version 1


Olivier Andreau. Nocivité en fatigue et contrôle de défauts produits par fabrication additive. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019ENAM0037⟩. ⟨tel-02466522⟩



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