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Cross-layer hybrid and optical packet switching

Abstract : Transparent optical telecommunication networks constitute a development step from all-electronic networks. Current data network technologies already actively employ optical fibers and transparent networks in the core, metro, and residential area networks. However, these networks still rely on Electronic Packet Switching (EPS) for packets routing, constituting obligatory for each packet optical-to-electronic-to-optical (OEO) signal conversion. On the other hand, Optical Packet Switching (OPS), seemed to be as replacement of EPS, has long promised performance and energy consumption improvements by going away from OEO conversions; however, the absence of practical optical buffers made OPS highly vulnerable to contention, incurring performance reduction, and getting in the way of profiting from OPS gains. The subject of this research lies in the investigation of the performance of OPS networks under all-optical and hybrid switches, while server-side transmission activities are regulated by Transport Control Protocols based on Congestion Control Algorithms (TCP CCAs). We consider that OPS could be enabled by use hybrid switch, i.e. device-level solution, as well by use of specially designed TCP CCAs, i.e. networklevel solution, giving birth to Hybrid Optical Packet Switching (HOPS) networks. We extensively study OPS, HOPS and EPS types of Data Center Networks (DCN) coupled with different TCP CCAs use by following the next three axes of DCN performance: Throughput, Energy Consumption, and Latency. As for TCP CCAs we consider not only existing but also newly developed solutions. If Stop-And-Wait (SAW), Selective Acknowledgment (SACK), modified SACK (mSACK) and Data Center TCP (DCTCP) are already known to the world, StopAnd-Wait-Longer (SAWL) is newly presented and is designed to bring the best out of the HOPS DCN. As a result, it is shown that hybrid switch solutions significantly outperform bufferless all-optical switches and reach the level of all-electronic switches in DCNs in terms of throughput. In terms of energy consumption, hybrid solutions can save up to 4 times on energy on switching compared to all-electronic solutions. As well HOPS DCNs can exhibit microseconds-scale average latencies, surpassing EPS and performing on the level with OPS. The question of the introduction of Classes of Service to HOPS DCN is also investigated: it was found that class-specific switching rules to hybrid switch can ameliorate the performance of certain classes without almost performance loss in others.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 17, 2020 - 1:24:14 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02481270, version 1

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Artur Minakhmetov. Cross-layer hybrid and optical packet switching. Networking and Internet Architecture [cs.NI]. Institut Polytechnique de Paris, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019IPPAT006⟩. ⟨tel-02481270⟩

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