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Transformations des systèmes de production du lait en Nouvelle-Zélande : perte d’autonomie et financiarisation.

Abstract : This thesis looks at the evolution of dairy farming and agrarian systems in New Zealand. It explains and characterizes the original path followed by dairy production in this country, which relied on low-input grazing systems until the 90s before moving away from it. It aims also at describing mechanisms underlying the emergence of financialised dairy production structures. Finally, we assess the socio-economic implications of both the shift toward higher-input dairy systems and the financialization of dairy production. This research uses the theoretical framework of Comparative agriculture supplemented by the Anglo-Saxon branch of Agrarian studies. It relied on the analysis-diagnosis the agrarian situation of two small rural areas (the Upper Thames Valley and the Selwyn district). Our work shows how fundamental has been the economic context to explain the focus on low-input grazing systems which characterised dairy farming in the New Zealand until the 90s. It argues that the economic liberalization has been a huge incentive for farmers to shift towards higher-input systems during the 90s. The economic analysis show that low-input systems are nevertheless more efficient in terms of added value and farm income generated per hectare. For its part, financialization permitted to accelerate the development of dairy production, but did not lead to more efficient production systems in terms of added value generated. However, it allows investors who do not take parts into the productive process to capture a significant part of this added value. Finally, the question arises whether or not the agricultural development observed in New Zealand since the 90s is relevant in terms of sustainable development.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 8, 2020 - 3:23:12 PM
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Mickaël Hugonnet. Transformations des systèmes de production du lait en Nouvelle-Zélande : perte d’autonomie et financiarisation.. Géographie. Institut agronomique, vétérinaire et forestier de France, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018IAVF0021⟩. ⟨tel-02537025⟩



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