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Etude des interactions bactéries-surfaces et des effets sur la passivation des aciers inoxydables

Abstract : Stainless steels have a high corrosion resistance thanks to the formation of an oxide layer at their surface, commonly referred to as the passive film, which is a few nanometers thick and composed mainly of Fe(III) and Cr(III) oxides and/or hydroxides. However, in aggressive environments, the stability of the oxide layer can be compromised, which can initiate corrosion phenomena (localized or general). For example, in presence of microorganisms, and more particularly of bacteria, bacterial adhesion and biofilm formation at the surface can lead to the initiation and/or the acceleration of corrosion processes: this is referred to as biocorrosion. In this work, we first characterized the oxide layer formed at the surface of 2304 duplex stainless steel by a coupling of fine surface analysis techniques (XPS and ToF-SIMS). We showed differences in the chemical composition of the surface on each phase of the duplex alloy. We then characterized the surface of the duplex alloy during the adhesion of marine aerobic bacteria Pseudoalteromonas NCIMB 2021 in marine medium by a coupling of microscopic characterization techniques (epifluorescence microscopy, SEM and AFM), fine surface analysis techniques (XPS and ToF-SIMS) and electrochemical techniques (open circuit potential monitoring, anodic and cathodic polarization curves). In particular, we showed that biofilm formation is accompanied by modifications of the oxide layer.
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Elise Gardin. Etude des interactions bactéries-surfaces et des effets sur la passivation des aciers inoxydables. Chimie analytique. PSL Research University, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEC009⟩. ⟨tel-02547898⟩

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