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Les effets développementaux du couplage entre activités et situations de conseil : Analyse d’un dispositif d’échange entre conseillers agricoles accompagnant la transition agro-écologique des agriculteurs.

Abstract : The professional development process and everything supporting it in transitional work situations – here, agricultural advisory services –, is the core subject of this thesis. Within their service relationship with farmers, agricultural advisors see their activities and missions evolve as they support the farmers during a transition to agro-ecology. In this context, they question the effectiveness of their advice and the relationship to be built with farmers, since the very purpose of that relationship is expanding, both spatially and temporally, and is activating new agro-systemic reasoning. Therefore, it appears necessary to restore farmer’s central role as the actor and designer of his operating system, rather than considering him as applying the rules laid down by scientific and technical prescribers.The challenge in practical terms is to enable agricultural advisors both to understand what is changing for them and for farmers, and to develop new effective practices in these unfamiliar work situations. Our research question is then: how and under what conditions are peer encounters likely to produce developmental effects in this context of professional transition?We study this question by applying the theoretical framework of professional didactics to a longitudinal analysis of a system of exchange between advisors about their profession. This device alternates between group discussions and practical work in the field. It combines reflexivity and activity, so that the advisors involved analyse the activity/situation coupling, examine the sources of uncertainty, and become aware of the increasing complexity of their work situations. We analyse the developmental effects owing to this device, for both the designer-facilitators, and for the collective and advisors.We thus show how advisors, by identifying the active dimensions of their work situations, learn to manipulate them differently, and succeed in making them “potential development situations” for both farmers and themselves. We also highlight the emerging collective debates on how to mobilize agronomy, through on-going analyses of the coupling of activity and advisory situations, and on-going questions on professional postures and standards.We highlight the contribution of a didactic progressiveness playing on the articulation between collective discussion and practice, and iteratively provoking reflexivity at different organizational levels of activity. We also highlight the resulting professional development for the designer-facilitators.We propose to qualify this device as "didactic intervention" to take into account both the progressiveness of the contents built to support advisors in rethinking their activity, and the adjustments made to create the conditions for collective work on the profession. We then discuss how the didactic intervention, which structures the discussions, opens up new possibilities for action for advisors in different ways, depending on to their trajectories and contexts of action.Finally, we formalize this intervention in order to allow other professionals to understand its principles. We discuss the relevance of this type of didactic intervention and its formalization in order to design a training device that promotes individual and collective professional development in work situations where the activity to be developed is neither defined a priori nor stabilized, but evolves during interaction between peers and with farmers.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2020 - 5:28:07 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 5, 2022 - 4:13:34 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02641603, version 1


Sophie Duhamel. Les effets développementaux du couplage entre activités et situations de conseil : Analyse d’un dispositif d’échange entre conseillers agricoles accompagnant la transition agro-écologique des agriculteurs.. Sociologie. Institut agronomique, vétérinaire et forestier de France, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019IAVF0022⟩. ⟨tel-02641603⟩



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