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Influence de la nature des interfaces carbonées au sein des composites SiC/SiC à renfort Hi-Nicalon S et Tyranno SA3 sur leur comportement mécanique

Abstract : SiC/SiC composites including the third generation SiC fibers with pyrocarbon interphase (PyC) are promising candidates to improve the safety of nuclear reactors, especially for core materials such as cladding and to replace metallic alloys for these applications. Their intrinsic refractory properties, their neutron transparency and their microstructural stability when irradiated or exposed to high temperatures make them attractive for nuclear applications. However SiC fibers and SiC matrix are brittle ceramics. The integrity of the structures can be fulfilled only if the composite is damage tolerant and can acquire a pseudo-ductile mechanical behavior. An interphase is deposited between the fibers and the matrix to provide this damage tolerance of SiC/SiC composites.The ability of SiC/SiC composites to sustain damage is dictated by the fiber/matrix (F/M) coupling mode. The intensity of this coupling can be related to many parameters such as the roughness and the chemistry of the surface of the reinforcement. A carbon layer on the fiberssurface was highlighted by High Resolution Transmission Electronic Microscopy (HRTEM) and by physico-chemical analyses. The characteristics of this carbon layer vary with the fabrication process of the fibers. The impact of this carbon layer on the F/M coupling was investigated by the observation of the local damage mechanisms. To elucidate the local bonding modes governing the damage mechanisms at the F/M interface of these SiC/SiC composites, macroscopic mechanical tests have been coupled with observations of structural modifications occurring in the interface region after loading. Understanding the origin of this carbon layer allowed elucidating the local interaction mechanisms according to these studied materials. These mechanisms depend on the carbon structure of the SiC fibers surface which in turn governs the adhesion between this carbon and the PyC interphase. Thanks to this study, a surface treatment on fibers was developed to optimize the mechanical behavior of SiC/SiC composites, whatever the fibrous reinforcement chosen.
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Clémentine Fellah. Influence de la nature des interfaces carbonées au sein des composites SiC/SiC à renfort Hi-Nicalon S et Tyranno SA3 sur leur comportement mécanique. Matériaux. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PSLEM078⟩. ⟨tel-02892039⟩

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