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Étude de l'endommagement en fatigue d'un composite thermoplastique à fibres courtes : cas du polyamide 6,6 renforcé de fibres de verre courtes

Abstract : The work discussed in this thesis is a contribution to the understanding of damage mechanisms and identifying a fatigue criterion of polyamide 6,6 reinforced with 30 wt% of short glass-fibres (PA66GF30), obtained by injection molding, taking into account the effects of temperature, water content and fiber orientations induced by the process. Thus, in a first step, the characterization of the mechanical behavior of PA66GF30 for different fiber orientations, temperatures, moisture contents and strain rates, was conducted. They have highlighted the role of the polyamide matrix (PA66) in the temperature, water content and strain rate behavior dependence of PA66GF30. In this sense, Time-Temperature-Water content equivalence of mechanical behaviour of PA66 was demonstrated using master curves obtained by DMA. A new expression of the equivalent strain rate at temperature reference and a water content reference was then deduced, and it is now possible to relay the triple sensitivity to strain rate, temperature and water content in only one term. Then, a fatigue test campaign in controlled environmental conditions, allowed to study the effects of fiber orientation, temperature and water content on the fatigue behaviour of PA66GF30 specimens. The mechanical analysis of these tests has led to the identification of a fatigue life criterion, taking into account all the influencing factors. Finally, the X-ray microtomography under synchrotron beam was used to study the mechanisms in fatigue damage present in the PA66GF30, following post-mortem analysis and in-situ experiments. The analysis of these observations has shed light on the mechanisms damage and, it has been proposed a new fatigue damage scenario.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02892100, version 2

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Victor Fabre. Étude de l'endommagement en fatigue d'un composite thermoplastique à fibres courtes : cas du polyamide 6,6 renforcé de fibres de verre courtes. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENMP0012⟩. ⟨tel-02892100v2⟩

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