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Quantitative relationships between chemical composition, microstructure and mechanical properties for bainitic steels

Abstract : Air-cooled bainitic steel grades are increasingly being considered as substitutes to quenched & tempered martensitic steels in the realization of automotive forged parts. They allow significant manufacturing cost and time reductions. To compete with martensitic steels, high mechanical strength is provided by a complex chemical composition, leading to a multi-scale and multi-constituent microstructure after air-cooling. In order to optimize such chemical composition, need in rationalization of the steel grade development has emerged.The main aim of this Ph.D project was to build a physically based knowledge of the steel grade by making quantitative links between chemical composition, microstructure and mechanical properties in as-forged condition.The influence of several alloying elements on the as-forged microstructure, as well as some synergies, has been established using relevant CCT diagrams.Dominant fracture mechanisms and controlling microstructural parameters in concern of impact toughness have been identified with the help of comprehensive fracture surface, cross-section observations and targeted quantitative microstructural characterization.The respective contributions to yield strength of classical strengthening mechanisms have been quantitatively determined, based on several hypothesis and the use of several microstructural parameters. At the same, precious information on tensile behaviour has also been deduced from the observation of the fractured tensile test specimens.All these results allow identifying the key microstructural parameters, such as bainitic packet size or secondary microstructural constituents content, that have to be targeted in the alloy design.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02892101, version 2

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Victor Bordereau. Quantitative relationships between chemical composition, microstructure and mechanical properties for bainitic steels. Materials. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015ENMP0063⟩. ⟨tel-02892101v2⟩

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