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Construire une influence dans les interstices de l'Union Européenne.Mobilisation et place des collectivités territoriales européennes dans les textes adoptés en procédure législative ordinaire (paquets "économie circulaire" et "énergie propre pour tous les européens")

Abstract : Do local and regional authorities have an influence on texts adopted in ordinary legislative procedure at European level? Focusing on energy and waste and adopting a definition of influence as the extent to which authorities are taken into account in the successive drafts, the thesis follows the way in which this type of actors mobilizes and tries to influence the Community legislative process throughout its development (from its preparation within the European Commission to trilogues and the adoption of texts). To do so, it relies on a methodology centered on "text writers" and combining process-tracing, attributed influence and textual analysis.Our research shows that, depending on the case at stake, local and regional authorities can be more or less influential, at all levels of the legislative process, and are not necessarily supported by the Commission or the Parliament as an institution. If certain political groups, segments of the Commission or Member States seem more inclined to give them their support depending on the issues (with variability including within each sector), the authorities are actually faced with two obstacles: the interpretation of the principle of subsidiarity by legislators and the objective of a competitive European internal market.In cases where we find, despite of these obstacles, a strong influence of local and regional authorities, we identify specific formulations in legislative texts that make it possible to circumvent these obstacles, and which we have called "editorial parries". We highlight two types of them in our case studies: “parries by mixing”, which consist in integrating local and regional authorities into a larger private category, and “parries by invisibizing”, which avoid mentioning authorities and their role. These "editorial parries" suggest that local and regional authorities enjoy a step-by-step and relatively low profile influence in the texts, but still real
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 1, 2020 - 11:47:09 AM
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Corinne Belveze. Construire une influence dans les interstices de l'Union Européenne.Mobilisation et place des collectivités territoriales européennes dans les textes adoptés en procédure législative ordinaire (paquets "économie circulaire" et "énergie propre pour tous les européens"). Science politique. Université Paris-Est, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PESC1020⟩. ⟨tel-02926988v2⟩

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