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Vers une approche intégrée d’aide à la planification énergétique territoriale : application à la rénovation énergétique des bâtiments

Abstract : The French residential and tertiary sectors account for about 45% of energy consumption and 20% of greenhouse gas emissions, constituting a large savings potential which is relatively easy to mobilise in comparison with other sectors such as transport or industry. This thesis develops a decision-aiding method for territories stakeholders willing to implement building energy retrofit measures. This method relies on a building stock modeling based on the enrichment of heterogeneous databases available to local decision-makers. An optimization problem of energy renovation measures activates levers at the building-level over the territory, turning dimensionality into a key issue this work. A meta-model of building heating energy consumption, adapted to this context, is constructed from a dynamic urban model. A dedicated characterisation of both thermal retrofit and energy systems is conducted, basing solutions on observations of the current French building context. Both modeling and optimization methods are finally applied to real territories, and used to conduct studies related to the energy transition context.
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Antoine Rogeau. Vers une approche intégrée d’aide à la planification énergétique territoriale : application à la rénovation énergétique des bâtiments. Energie électrique. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UPSLM014⟩. ⟨tel-02969503⟩

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