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créativité par et pour la fabrication additive : proposition d'une méthodologie outillée

Abstract : Emphasizing the integration of Additive Manufacturing (AM) into big industrial companies becomes crucial for subcontractors. Teaching additive processes and design rules is a techno-centric vision. It is not sufficient to project future applications of additive manufacturing in various industries such as aeronautics, energy, medical, etc. On one hand, the state of the art and field observations show that AM knowledge is steadily increasing. On the other hand, the state of the art about creativity shows that individuals creative capacity can be stimulated to guide them to the generation of creative ideas and concepts. This thesis then explores a possible linking between AM and creativity in order to propose a methodology and its application tools to stimulate creativity, in the specific context of additive manufacturing. This approach allowed us to bring out the major role of intermediate objects which articulate the interactions between several dimensions of the creative capacity: motivations, emotions, knowledge exploration, individual/collective work phases and spatial organization. It also highlighted the need for a new definition of intermediate objects’ roles regarding additive manufacturing. In this sense, we designed two operational devices, based on sensory manipulation of tangible objects, and tested them in real industrial contexts. Our experimental results show that the exploration of the knowledge embodied in these devices emphasizes the generation of creative ideas opening to potential applications of additive manufacturing. Finally, a model of Creativity Through Additive Manufacturing (CTAM) has been proposed. It enables us to contribute both to the methodological practices of design science and operational practices in two fields: the additive manufacturing industry and the field of innovation.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02987001, version 1

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Anne-Lise Rias. créativité par et pour la fabrication additive : proposition d'une méthodologie outillée. Génie des procédés. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENAM0030⟩. ⟨tel-02987001⟩

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