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Theses

La patrimonialisation des arbres urbains : le cas de Tunis

Abstract : This thesis is part of a geographical and anthropological field. It analyzes historic and contemporary relationships between Tunisians and trees in the city. Taking as a case study the city of Tunis, it aims to show that there is, from the beginning of colonization, among Tunisians a complex process of appropriation but also rejection of trees depending on their public or private location, and their personal history.Multiple values are indeed associated with trees. Analysis of the interviews shows that these values are based primarily on individual memory, family practices and social memory. Before colonization, the Medina had few trees in public space because the spatial organization drew its roots from the traditional settlement pattern, which did little or no appeal to trees in private patios. In addition, the traditional urban law did not use trees in public space. Upon initiation of the French Protectorate, the capital has been extended beyond the walls with the city called European. Large avenues and streets were lined up with rows of trees. New species were then widely introduced and disseminated, modeled on the French cities of that time.After independence, the capital swelled by the spread of rural migration, wealthy Tunisians lived in new neighborhoods that combined European style and Tunisian traditions (especially in the north). Rural Tunisians in search of a better life have occupied smaller areas (west and south). The capital has become a socially heterogeneous space marked by abundance and different types of trees in public and private spaces of the various neighborhoods.This thesis is a first step in the interpretation of urban living from recent history, marked by the functional, symbolic and aesthetic uses of trees. It shows that today the trees in Tunis are or become social, individual and collective markers that define different types of heritage; private, collective and public. This heritage process is not necessarily tied to an institutional setting.
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Myriam Bennour. La patrimonialisation des arbres urbains : le cas de Tunis. Environnement et Société. AgroParisTech; Université du Centre (Sousse, Tunisie). Institut supérieur agronomique de Chott-Mariem, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014AGPT0079⟩. ⟨tel-03027644⟩

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