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Micropolitics of poverty : how randomized controlled trials address global poverty through the epistemic and political fragmentation of the world

Abstract : The dissertation discusses the use of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in poverty action. RCT proponents claim that this impact evaluation method, inspired from clinical trials, enables to identify the most efficient poverty-reduction interventions. The dissertation questions this experimental approach to poverty (recently rewarded by the Nobel memorial prize in economics). The thesis main contention is that RCTs produce a micropolitics of poverty. They proceed through the epistemic and political fragmentation of the world. They define a patchy, discontinuous space in which global poverty can be analyzed according to a standardized protocol, and within which poverty action can be contained. Empirically, the dissertation is based on the ethnographic account of an RCT, in East Africa.
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Nassima Abdelghafour. Micropolitics of poverty : how randomized controlled trials address global poverty through the epistemic and political fragmentation of the world. Sociology. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020UPSLM042⟩. ⟨tel-03122511⟩

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