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Theses

Les structures intermédiaires entre les laboratoires de recherche publique et lesentreprises

Abstract : It is broadly recognized that the intensity of the interactions between university and industry is positively correlated with growth and competitiveness. However, several factors hamper this collaboration. Thus, various initiatives have been taken by policy makers to strengthen the linkages between academia and industry. The most important ones have probably been for the United States the vote of the Bayh-Dole Act in 1980 and, for France, the law on innovation voted in 1999. These laws and measures have created an important number of intermediation structures that perform similar or different functions, and coexist at different scales (national, regional or local). These structures can be internal or external to the universities, for instance in France, the university services of industrial and commercial activities (SAIC), the societies for technology transfer (SATT), incubators, the technology transfer centers (CRITT), the ‘pôles de compétitivité’ or the Carnot institutes. According to many reports, this multiplicity of structures has complexified the France innovation ecosystem, causing competition between intermediaries and redundancy in their activities. In this thesis, we have decided to focus instead on the usefulness of these structures vis-à-vis their users, as well as the implementation of their activities. This problematic led us to 1) understand the forms of intermediation between public laboratories and firms, and 2) to propose a conceptual model of these interactions. Our thesis aims therefore to contribute to the debate that is increasingly growing in public policies on this topic
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Ouerdia Oumohand. Les structures intermédiaires entre les laboratoires de recherche publique et lesentreprises. Gestion et management. Université Paris-Est, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PESC1019⟩. ⟨tel-03128897⟩

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