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Theses

Influence d’un champ magnétique sur la séparabilité d’un mélange de molécules paramagnétiques et diamagnétiques

Abstract : The purpose of my thesis is to evaluate the impact of a magnetic field on the separation process of a mixture of paramagnetic and diamagnetic molecules. More precisely, the system of interest is the air. Oxygen, nitrogen and argon have quite similar chemicophysical properties, so the energy and the economical cost to separate those molecules are pretty high. However, the magnetic properties of those three molecules are different : the oxygen is paramagnetic whereas the nitrogen and the argon are diamagnetic. The internal energy of oxygen increases when a magnetic field is applied to the molecule, and a force attracts the oxygen towards the area with the higher magnetic field. The objective was to explore different ways to apply a magnetic field to our system in order to observe an impact on the possibility to separate the molecules. Literature reveals three major axes of study. The first one is the thermodynamic study of liquid-vapor equilibrium under a magnetic field. The second one is about the impact of a magnetic field on the hydrodynamic flow of gaseous air. And the le last one, concerns the magnetic membranes composed of a membrane doped with magnetic particles. Those three axes have been studied. A theoretical analysis and several experiments have been conducted to observe an impact of the magnetic field. The strategy was to explore many approaches with a multitude of prototype in order to find the most valuable solution for a separation process. For the magnetic membranes, we had neither the knowledge to synthesis one nor the time to acquire one. However, we tried to reproduce the concept to evaluate the potential of magnetic nanoparticles in a separation process. The interaction between nanoparticles and oxygen has been evaluated. A campaign of measure on the solubility of oxygen in a ferrofluide (solvent containing magnetic nanoparticles) has been conducted. We prove that the impact of the magnetic field on the liquid/vapor equilibrium is too weak to use it in an industrial separation process. The lead of a kinetic process is more encouraging. The experiments with hydrodynamic flows seem to be impact by a magnetic field, even if this impact is pretty moderate. In this work, the complexity of the simulation of the phenomenon in order to establish the best geometry and conditions for the process was described. However, the lead of nanoparticles is promising. Even if my study did not reveal any influence of the magnetic field on the solubility in a ferrofluid nor on the interaction between oxygen and the nanoparticles, literature shows impressive results for systems using magnetic membranes.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03132198, version 1

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Thibault Plays. Influence d’un champ magnétique sur la séparabilité d’un mélange de molécules paramagnétiques et diamagnétiques. Génie des procédés. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UPSLM045⟩. ⟨tel-03132198⟩

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