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Theses

Caractérisation de la laine de verre : étude des transferts de chaleur entre fibres de verre à l'échelle micrométrique

Abstract : Reducing the environmental footprint of the building sector is a key element of today's political and environmental issues. The poor quality of the building stock insulation is pointed out. It is therefore crucial to improve the performance of the existing insulation products. Glass wool, one of the main insulation product, is made of a glass fiber matrix surrounded by gas or vacuum. However, there is a need for microscopic measurements of heat transfer at the fiber scale. The collaborative project CarISOVERRE, funded by the Agence Nationale pour la Recherche, intends to investigate these transfer. This thesis, as part of the CarISOVERRE project, aims at providing experimental measurement of the conductive, convective and radiative heat transfer in a single fiber at microscopic scale along with the measurement of thermal resistance of contact between fibers. To this end, we developed several characterizing tools to study microscale heat transfer. First, the emission properties of single glass fibers with sub­wavelength diameter (given the thermal wavelength of 10 µm) is measured using the infrared spectroscopy method based on the spatial modulation of the sample in the field object plan of the microscope. Then, the thermal resistance of contact between two glass elements is studied under vacuum and under ambient conditions. A glass microsphere is placed into contact with a glass slide using a SThM probe which allows to heat the top of the sphere by Joule effect and to record the temperature at this point. With this information it is possible to identify the different heat channels through the SThM probe and/or through the air to extract the thermal resistance of contact. Finally, a non­contact method for the measurement of thermal emission of a single fiber heated by short laser pulses is presented. This microthermography method is the Flash method coupled with an infrared microscope to meet the specifics of our sample. The identification of the heat transfer parameters ­ exchange with the surrounding air, thermal resistance of contact between fibers – is obtained by studying the spatial and temporal dynamic of the signal along with simple analytical models. The results presented in this thesis are expected to be used as input parameters in future numerical simulations of the heat transfer in a glass wool sample.
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Joris Doumouro. Caractérisation de la laine de verre : étude des transferts de chaleur entre fibres de verre à l'échelle micrométrique. Physique [physics]. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UPSLS008⟩. ⟨tel-03135212⟩

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