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Étude expérimentale multi-échelle et modélisation hybride prédictive du comportement, de l'endommagement et de la durée de vie en fatigue d’un matériau composite polypropylène / fibres de verre

Abstract : The main objective of this work, is to provide a numerical tool, capable of predicting the damage and fatigue life of thermoplastic matrix composites materials and structures. To do this, a multi-scale experimental study of the PPGF40 material (polypropylene loaded with 40% by mass of glass fiber) is carried out. A qualitative, but also a quantitative analysis of the various damage mechanisms occurring during mechanical loading was carried out through in-situ three-points SEM bending tests, interrupted fatigue tests and observations of fracture faces in monotonic and cyclic loading. In the light of these tests, we concluded that the decohesion of the fiber-matrix interface, and the propagation of cracks through the interfaces, appears to be, the predominant damage phenomenon leading to the fracture of the material and that, regardless of the orientation of the fibers and the loading mode. The proposed hybrid approach is based on a micromechanical / phenomenological model taking into account the damage at the fiber / matrix interface and the plasticity of the matrix. To do this, a local statistical criterion of damage at the fiber-matrix interface is introduced into a Mori and Tanaka model, and the linearization of the plastic behavior of the matrix is done step by step, using the mean field approach with a secant formulation. The micromechanical model used then, makes it possible to predict the behavior of the material under monotonic loading, and in particular the first stiffness loss during the fatigue. Analysis of the experimental results shows that the latter is directly related to the fatigue life of the material. Thus, a predictive methodology of the fatigue life is proposed and validated for various microstructural configurations. A fatigue failure criterion is proposed according to the number of cycles.
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03168035
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Submitted on : Friday, March 12, 2021 - 4:10:18 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 6:00:35 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, June 13, 2021 - 7:10:33 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03168035, version 1

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Amine Imaddahen. Étude expérimentale multi-échelle et modélisation hybride prédictive du comportement, de l'endommagement et de la durée de vie en fatigue d’un matériau composite polypropylène / fibres de verre. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. HESAM Université, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020HESAE063⟩. ⟨tel-03168035⟩

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