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Evaluation de produits d'effacement sur un ensemble de consommateurs par modélisation bottom-up d'un parc de logements

Abstract : This thesis aims at evaluating load curtailments packages over a set of electricity users, each being defined by the triolet {building, system, household}. We define a load curtailment package by the quantification of the load curve's deformation due to the emission of a control signal (direct control or price incentive).Two dimensions were considered through this work: first the study of the different variables' influence using experimental data, and secondly the construction of a global model which can effectively reproduce the diversity observed on experimental load curves.In order to analyse a sample {building, system, household}, the dispersion of the different caracteristics of the building (envelope, exposure,...) were carefully studied, as well as the possible links between the household (lifestyle, choice of household equipments,...) and the systems (technical caracteristics) especially for the electrical heaters and HVAC systems.We work to reconcile data from different sources (statistical data, data from research on urban building caracterization, on households' habits,...) and we are able to give a first evaluation of load curtailment products over the electrical heating usage in urban environment through numerical simulations of a few thousand housings. The bottom-up approach used accounts for the technical diversity, as well as the functional and behavioral diversity of the studied electrical usage.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03235746, version 1

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Sinziana Carloganu. Evaluation de produits d'effacement sur un ensemble de consommateurs par modélisation bottom-up d'un parc de logements. Energie électrique. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEM064⟩. ⟨tel-03235746⟩

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