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Pompe à chaleur haute température pour la réhabilitation des systèmes de chauffage dans le résidentiel

Abstract : Climate change and the decrease in energy resources lead to seek for new solutions in order to improve energy efficiency and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. In France, heating of buildings constitutes 22% of final energy consumption and 7% of CO2 emissions. The renewal of the installed base of buildings is slow (in the range of 1% per year). Thus the fast decrease (in the range of fifteen years) in CO2 emissions depends on the number of technical solutions adapted to the refurbishing market. Within this context, a high-energy efficiency heat pump has been developed. However, to take up the challenge, such a heat pump has to comply with various refurbishing constraints, especially in terms of temperature distribution. Its technical performances have to be high, for low outdoor air temperature (large temperature difference between the cold source and the hot sink) as well as moderate outdoor air temperature (lower temperature difference between the cold source and the hot sink). To comply with those technical requirements, a two-stage system allowing an easy switch to single stage configuration has been selected. Then the various components of the system have been designed with a specific attention to the sensitivity of the different design parameters on the global energy efficiency of the heat pump. The modelling of the components has allowed simulating the operation of the heat pump and to compare the results to tests results obtained on a prototype. Based on these test results, a computational tool has been developed for the simulation of single houses and their heating system, leading to the calculation of the HSPF (heating seasonal performance factor), and the study of the system behaviour. In order to improve seasonal performances, the gain of variable capacity through speed variation has been evaluated using a prototype and calculations of HSPF, showing its interest.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03256047, version 1

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Sami Barbouchi. Pompe à chaleur haute température pour la réhabilitation des systèmes de chauffage dans le résidentiel. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007ENMP1648⟩. ⟨tel-03256047⟩

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