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Identification du comportement mécanique sous sollicitations dynamiques extrêmes : Développement d’une stratégie innovante appliquée au magnétoformage et au formage électrohydraulique

Abstract : High speed forming processes such as magnetic pulse forming and electrohydraulic forming are currently developing at the industrial scale. Design of these processes requires numerical simulation to take into account the highly dynamic and multiphysics conditions. To ensure the representativeness of the simulations, there is an important need for relevant data describing the material dynamic behavior.In this study, mechanical tests based on magnetic pulse forming have been developed in order to characterize the dynamic strain hardening of materials in the form of tubes or sheets. The testing conditions are then very similar to the real industrial forming conditions.The first test developped at iCube Research is an electromagnetic tube expansion test, instrumented with pulse current measurement devices and photonic Doppler velocimetry (PDV). Design of the inductor, optimization of the numerical model, and test sensitivity to the experimental uncertainties are discussed. The inverse analysis identification procedure is established, and its ability to identify the constitutive model parameters is examined. The sensitivity of the test to the model parameters, and their correlations, are analyzed as well.This procudure is then adapted to a test dedicated to plane samples, cut from sheets. The loading mode and the deformation mode induced by this test enables a significant reduction of the characterization sensitivity relative to experimental uncertainties, as compared to tube expansion testing. A model reduction approach makes it possible to use this test in an iterative parameter identification procedure.Both tests are applied to annealed aluminium 1050, and they reveal a significant strain-rate sensitivity, with a stronger strain-hardening than that measured by quasi-static tensile tests. Ohter aluminium alloys and copper alloys have been dynamically characterized by one of the tests. The developped procedure is not restrictive for the selection of the constitutive model. In this study, which concerns a relatively narrow strain-rate domain (from 100 to 5000 s-1), the Johnson-Cook model has been chosen.The dynamic forming conditions (high strain-rates, impact, deformation mode by flexion against a die…) are likely to offer great improvements in formability. The problem of dynamic forming limits characterization, which will be the subject of further developpements, is introduced as a last chapter.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03270852, version 1

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Anne-Claire Jeanson. Identification du comportement mécanique sous sollicitations dynamiques extrêmes : Développement d’une stratégie innovante appliquée au magnétoformage et au formage électrohydraulique. Matériaux. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEM013⟩. ⟨tel-03270852⟩

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