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Fukushima ˸ un accident «Made in Japan» ? Analyse sémiotique de la causalité au Japon

Abstract : In the aftermath of the nuclear accident of Fukushima, a range of investigation reports and scientific publications in Japan concluded, surprisingly, that the cause of the accident was cultural and that Fukushima was a disaster “Made in Japan”. With a thorough analysis of those discourses, we realized that this form of causation, to justify itself, is based on a deep network of analogies made between different historical events. To investigate further this type of rationality, we conduct in Japan between 2017 and 2018 some interviews with the scientists of the field “Made in Japan”. Adopting the pragmatist approach of the philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce, we analyzed afterward our data through the filter of his formula of the analogical reasoning, in order to extract, in particular, the structural properties ingrained in the discourses. From our observation, we conclude that the argument “Made in Japan”, and beyond the whole object “Japan”, is determined, in a cyclic frame of success and failures, by an imaginary outsider interpreter, which is itself part of the interpretant. Those results indicate the possible existence of a Japanese codex, which means a collective memory, from where a specific logic arises. This onto-logic questions with a mise en abyme the structural logic of our own study, and raises questions about the semiotic analysis in an intercultural context.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 4:46:29 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 15, 2021 - 2:58:10 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03285896, version 1


Mathieu Gaulène. Fukushima ˸ un accident «Made in Japan» ? Analyse sémiotique de la causalité au Japon. Risques. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021UPSLM016⟩. ⟨tel-03285896⟩



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