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Theses

Mobility tools holding and intermodality modelling in Paris

Abstract : To fulfil mobility needs, individuals make trips involving an access to mobility systems granted by mobility tools such as vehicles, subscriptions to mobility services and license holding. The strategical choice of mobility tools portfolio composition determines the mode choice universe for trip making: large portfolios enable using and mixing several modes and can generate an intermodal trip alternative for trip makers. In order to improve the understanding of mobility, this dissertation investigates strategical and tactical trip making choices and their interaction by analysing the mobility tools holding and intermodality phenomena.Before a potential integration of these mobility phenomena into metropolitan mobility models, two main questions arise: what is the magnitude and what are the characteristics of each phenomenon, and how does it interact with the mobility structure? Answering these goes through conceptualizing, qualifying and modelling the two study mobility phenomena. This research aims on providing answers to these elements within the metropolitan mobility travel demand modelling field framework. Literature review, modelling for mobility planning, discrete choice, statistical, geographic and socio-economic tools are employed on a household travel survey dataset to support the analyses.The thesis begins with a brief review of mobility concepts and data sources involved, before focusing on a disaggregated metropolitan approach with the study of the Paris region and the one individual households study population. The thematic and methodological backgrounds are described before addressing the strategical mobility tools holding choice including seven tools: driving license, car, car parking space, motorcycle, bike, PT pass subscription and bike sharing subscription. The dissertation ends with a study of the tactical trip making choice focusing on intermodality demand, and questions its relationship with the previous mobility tools holding phenomenon.Main results include the set-up of a metropolitan mobility model characterization framework, a conceptualization of the mobility tools holding phenomenon, a mobility tools holding structure hierarchy, an evidence of the interest of jointly modelling mobility tools holding, a characterization of intermodal trips and users and an exploratory modelling of intermodality demand.
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Mallory Trouvé. Mobility tools holding and intermodality modelling in Paris. Architecture, space management. Université Paris-Est, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020PESC1044⟩. ⟨tel-03525316⟩

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