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Theses

L’économie circulaire, une innovation au service du développement territorial ?

Abstract : The circular economy has emerged as a new economic model to face the current challenges of the linear economic system. Today, it has been adopted in several countries as a lever for changing practices and models of economic development, its approaches are increasingly being tested in the territories, in a context of socio-ecological and energy transition. The objective of the thesis is to determine to what extent the circular economy can constitute, by its innovative character, an opportunity for territories to implement territorial development processes. The analytical framework is based on different theories and quantitative and qualitative methods in order to better understand the implications of territorial anchoring and the importance of governance mechanisms for the implementation of circular economy strategies in territories.The results show a local growth of the circular economy, in line with the increasingly important issues at stake in terms of public policies for employment and competitiveness of the economy. They indicate that the current challenge is not only a question of technological innovations around resource efficiency and value creation, but also of hybridisation of actions and the ability to involve various stakeholders to cooperate for the development of positive territorial externalities. The example of methanisation highlights the role of the local context in the capacity to generate these new activities which, through their economic and social virtues, allow the creation of new links and sustainable processes, thanks to the activation or reinforcement of proximities and their potential.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03635051, version 1

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Amadou Niang. L’économie circulaire, une innovation au service du développement territorial ?. Economies et finances. Université Paris-Saclay, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021UPASB055⟩. ⟨tel-03635051⟩

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