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Theses

Étude de fracture inverse pendant les essais DWTT

Abstract : For the gas line-pipe, resistance to brittle fracture propagation is related to shear area fraction measured in Drop Weight Tear Test (DWTT). Recently, “so-called” inverse fracture is sometimes observed in DWTT specimens for line-pipe with high Charpy absorbed energy. The main problem of the inverse fracture is that the resistance to brittle fracture propagation is underestimated in case of high toughness steels. However, the rational guidelines to evaluate the effect of inverse fracture are still missing. Moreover, the mechanism of inverse fracture has not yet been clarified in details. It is important to establish the simulation models representing the DWTT fracture surface to clarify the mechanisms of inverse fracture. This study aims at the simulation model representing the slant ductile fracture and ductile to brittle transition during DWTT. The study includes the description of: (i) the anisotropic plastic behavior, (ii) slant ductile behavior and (iii) ductile to brittle transition behavior. The description of anisotropic plastic behavior is needed to be able to precisely estimate strains and stresses within the structures. The slant ductile fracture behavior is numerically investigated by using the GTN model with additional secondary void nucleation. The brittle fracture is studied by extending the Beremin model to brittle fracture initiation after slant ductile fracture. This study discusses the mechanism of inverse fracture during DWTT from these simulation results. This research results will be helpful to be able to use high toughness steels for natural gas line-pipes with high pressure transmission.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03642322, version 1

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Takahiro Sakimoto. Étude de fracture inverse pendant les essais DWTT. Matériaux. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEM081⟩. ⟨tel-03642322⟩

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