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Contribution à la prise en compte des dimensions humaines lors des projets de transformation industrielle - Cas de la cobotique

Abstract : Robotics has undergone various and rapid evolutions. In less than half a century, this field has gone through different levels of evolution, transforming work and impacting more and more the place of the human operator in production systems. From a time when the integration of a robot meant complete automation, nowadays, cobotization does not necessarily imply the suppression of human activity, as new generations of so-called 'collaborative' robots have appeared.These collaborative robots, also called cobots, can share the same workspace and a set of tasks with operators.Lately, these cobots are presented as a key to modernization and competitiveness of companies, by combining the know-how and decision-making power of the human being with the strength, endurance and precision of the robot. This combination is presented as a potential solution to meet the needs of flexibility and agility related to production variability and the globalization of competition by offering new possibilities of assistance for tasks that are sometimes difficult to automate, while also contributing to the improvement of working conditions.Like most new technological devices, cobots give rise to a debate around a range of issues, including the safety of future users, the profitability of investments and their impact on the performance and working conditions of human operators.Because of the multiplicity of these issues, the design of cobotic systems is an excellent opportunity to discuss the multi-issue aspect related to the transformation of industry and the introduction of new technologies in production systems.Beyond the technical feasibility study of human-robot collaboration, this thesis aims to promote an industrial transformation considering all the issues related to cobotics (safety, performance, organizational and human factors), by providing the project management teams of transformation projects with design assistance tools that consider these different issues.Within this scope, three main contributions have been developed and put into practice during the preparation of this PhD thesis:- First, a methodological framework for managing cobotic projects. It aims at guiding the design teams of cobotic systems to go through an iterative and participative design process, taking into account the real work and enabling the acceptability of the future system co-constructed with the different stakeholders of the project;- Secondly, an ergonomic approach of analysis of the current work in a perspective of cobotization. It aims at allowing the design team to understand the value of human work to manage the industrial variability on a daily basis and to identify the tasks to be targeted in priority by the eventual cobotic system;- Finally, a methodology for evaluating future systems that includes human, economic and industrial indicators.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 31, 2022 - 2:57:21 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:54:00 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03683155, version 1

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Mouad Bounouar. Contribution à la prise en compte des dimensions humaines lors des projets de transformation industrielle - Cas de la cobotique. Génie des procédés. HESAM Université, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021HESAE055⟩. ⟨tel-03683155⟩

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