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Vers une évaluation des dispositifs de prise en charge du problème du déclin des forêts tropicales humides

Abstract : Document 1: Presentation of the doctoral research dossierThis document presents the general framework of the doctoral research dossier. It intends to briefly explain the research methodology, in order to better understand the dual approach adopted and the structure of this doctoral research. On the one hand, the dossier is based on several articles published on the issue of forest certification schemes political transformations. On the other hand, the dossier includes a research on the issue of environmental effectiveness of rainforest management devices. This first document introduces the critical stand, the issues addressed and the disciplines involved in these two approaches. Finally, the prospects offered by this research are mentioned.Document 2: Political transformations induced by the development of forest management certification: the case of FSC.This document analyses the political impact of a forest management certification device: the Forest Steward Council (FSC). It integrates five articles published in academic/scientific books and journals between 2007 and 2011, which were published in the framework of the NORMES research project “Regulation by standards : the instruments of regulations in the governance of sustainable development”, financed by the French National Agency of Research (ANR). The publications are preceded by a framing text which presents the background and the working of the FSC-instrument, and then introduces the texts succinctly.The research activities permit to enhance the understanding of political transformations, induced by the FSC. The institutional innovations which were produced by the FSC will be emphasized, as well as the reach and the limits of this voluntary instrument, the behavorial changes it brings about, and the side-effects it generates, in particular in terms of equity between the concerned players in this field.Finally, the analysis of the public-private relations shows that, far from being a private and isolated instrument, the FSC exerts a certain influence on the elaboration of public politics, and, reciprocally, its development is conditioned by a certain degree of governmental intervention.Document 3: Laying the bases of a benchmark for assessing the devices which corner the deforestation and rainforest degradation problems.This document concentrates on the issue of effectiveness of the devices which tackle the problems of deforestation and rainforest degradation. The starting point of this work is the problem-solving difficulties, despite repeated international statements and devices adopted in recent decades.Based on these observations, the research focuses on evaluation frameworks that would assess the environmental effectiveness of such devices. It starts with a critical analysis of the theoretical framework used to address global environmental issues, specifically the effectiveness of global environmental regimes theories (Underdal, 1992, Young, 1998). Then, an extensive literature review on the rainforest management issues is presented, showing the complexity of the problem. The research pointed out the failures of the current approaches implemented to tackle the deforestation and rainforest degradation. Finally, by using the framework of the Strategic analysis of environmental management (Mermet 1992, 1998, Mermet & a, 2005, 2010), this study demonstrated that despite the complexity of the deforestation and rainforest degradation problem, it is legitimate, useful and possible to construct a referential for evaluation focused on environmental challenges that forests are facing. The basis of this framework is laid out, by detailing the principal elements that will be able to frame the evaluation of the effectiveness of the management of these forests.
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Stéphane Gueneau. Vers une évaluation des dispositifs de prise en charge du problème du déclin des forêts tropicales humides. Economies et finances. AgroParisTech, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011AGPT0052⟩. ⟨tel-03690042⟩

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