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La preuve de concept comme outil de développement des capacités de générativité collective : modélisation, expérimentation et conditions de performance

Abstract : Developed in the 1960s at NASA in the context of the Apollo program, proof of concept (POC) has become increasingly popular with innovation practitioners over the decades. Even more than then, the contemporary innovation regime requires collective exploration of the unknown. Design processes have become more complex: the identity of objects and collectives are rarely predetermined. They must be designed collectively and simultaneously. In this context, the thesis investigates how proof of concept can become a tool for developing collective generative capacities. First, the research confirmed through a genealogical study that the POC was and still is the symptom of an innovation regime that has to federate and make exploration collectives work together. These collectives include actors with heterogeneous expertise and legitimacy, often from various institutions. The POC is one of the few management tools that can be used to organise the collective exploration of the unknown. It is particularly well suited to these situations because it carries a double logic of proof: a 'proof of the known', an experimental process that allows new knowledge to be generated and validated (i.e., to be collectively recognised as true or false), and a 'proof of the unknown', an experimental process that allows new concepts to be generated and guides their exploration (i.e., to collectively name an interpretable unknown). Secondly, through the retrospective study of proofs of concept designed and implemented by the design agency les Sismo, the thesis identified that there are different arrangements between proof of the known and proof of the unknown and that cohabitation is possible and beneficial. Counter-intuitively, the work has shown that the more proof of the known is sought and of quality, the more it allows proof of the unknown to emerge simultaneously, and vice versa. The question of the experimenter's skills stood as the critical element for allowing this cohabitation, and having a POC with strong generative power. Finally, the thesis proposes a longitudinal case study of a proof of concept conducted by the Chair of philosophy at the hospital and les Sismo, which explicitly carried an ambition of (stronger) generativity. This work reinforced the hypothesis that the POC should no longer be studied, and thus evaluated, only as a tool for testing a concept but also, or henceforth, as a tool for developing collective design capacities. The research also identified critical governance conditions for this paradigm shift to take place for the benefit of society.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 26, 2022 - 10:49:13 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 26, 2022 - 3:41:12 AM

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Caroline Jobin. La preuve de concept comme outil de développement des capacités de générativité collective : modélisation, expérimentation et conditions de performance. Gestion et management. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2022. Français. ⟨NNT : 2022UPSLM012⟩. ⟨tel-03738429⟩

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