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Quelles stratégies pour améliorer le régime alimentaire de jeunes femmes égyptiennes en milieu urbain ? Analyse des déséquilibres et identification de stratégies nutritionnelles par méthodes mixtes

Abstract : Egyptian women are a typical yet rarely studied example of population undergoing a nutrition transition, touched by a high prevalence of overweight (88% in urban areas) and iron deficiency (50%). This situation suggests that their dietary intakes, which are so far poorly assessed and not well known, should be rebalanced. Diet modeling is a mathematical tool which helps to identify dietary changes improving nutritional intakes, taking into consideration several parameters of the local food environment. Yet, the acceptability of the nutritional strategies modeled is hardly predictable. This research thesis enabled to quantify the dietary intakes of young Egyptian women living in urban areas and to model strategies to improve nutritional intakes. The acceptability of the “theoretically optimal” solutions was then discussed with the population studied using qualitative surveys. The use of mixed methodologies (quantitative and then qualitative approaches) enabled to analyze in detail the local situation and to identify changes in dietary practices and in the fortified food offer. This approach seems promising to identify realistic and acceptable solutions to contribute solving local nutritional issues.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 5, 2022 - 1:01:12 AM
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Chloé Brouzes. Quelles stratégies pour améliorer le régime alimentaire de jeunes femmes égyptiennes en milieu urbain ? Analyse des déséquilibres et identification de stratégies nutritionnelles par méthodes mixtes. Alimentation et Nutrition. Université Paris-Saclay, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UPASB002⟩. ⟨tel-03768816⟩

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