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Précaires mais mobiles.
Tactiques de mobilité des travailleurs précaires flexibles et nouveaux services de mobilité

Abstract : While socio-economic precariousness often leads to a geographical confinement, some groups face both precariousness of economic, social and cultural resources and flexible mobility, that is intense mobility with changing schedules and destinations. Unqualified catering temp workers and some people under social integration process belong to such a category.
30 interviews with such precarious flexible workers show that the levels of precariousness and flexibility distinguish their trip solutions, mobility tactics and accessibility strategies. Four types of tactics are especially identified : complacent considerate, offhand wise, skillful assured, conformist frustrated.
Two major types of strategies also oppose people with low and high flexibility : the dependent child and the alienated parent are little flexible, geographically rooted, inserted in a genealogy, and attached to their employers' values ; on the contrary, the autonomous craftsman (journeyman, applicant or resistant) demonstrate a capacity of daily, residential and professional mobility, tending towards family emancipation.
This analysis enables us to identify material, cognitive and symbolic resources that structure the mobility choices. So, the disposal of autonomous and decent accommodation seems to be the only external factor that may determine the elaboration of professional and residential strategies, and flexible mobility.
Thus, to face the challenges of the flexible society, the most precarious ones need above all a decent and autonomous place to live rather than tools or competence for mobility.
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Contributor : Yves Jouffe Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 29, 2007 - 8:27:26 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 15, 2022 - 3:50:50 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 21, 2010 - 1:03:59 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00167732, version 2


Yves Jouffe. Précaires mais mobiles.
Tactiques de mobilité des travailleurs précaires flexibles et nouveaux services de mobilité. Sociologie. Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, 2007. Français. ⟨tel-00167732v2⟩



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