Segmentation of facade images with shape priors

Mateusz Kozinski 1, 2
2 IMAGINE [Marne-la-Vallée]
LIGM - Laboratoire d'Informatique Gaspard-Monge, ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech
Abstract : The aim of this work is to propose a framework for facade segmentation with user-defined shape priors. In such a framework, the user specifies a shape prior using a rigorously defined shape prior formalism. The prior expresses a number of hard constraints and soft preference on spatial configuration of segments, constituting the final segmentation. Existing approaches to the problem are affected by a compromise between the type of constraints, the satisfaction of which can be guaranteed by the segmentation algorithm, and the capability to approximate optimal segmentations consistent with a prior. In this thesis we explore a number of approaches to facade parsing that combine prior formalism featuring high expressive power, guarantees of conformance of the resulting segmentations to the prior, and effective inference. We evaluate the proposed algorithms on a number of datasets. Since one of our focus points is the accuracy gain resulting from more effective inference algorithms, we perform a fair comparison to existing methods, using the same data term. Our contributions include a combination of graph grammars for expressing variation of facade structure with graphical models encoding the energy of models of given structures for different positions of facade elements. We also present the first linear formulation of facade parsing with shape priors. Finally, we propose a shape prior formalism that enables formulating the problem of optimal segmentation as the inference in a Markov random field over the standard four-connected grid of pixels. The last method advances the state of the art by combining the flexibility of a user-defined grammar with segmentation accuracy that was reserved for frameworks with pre-defined priors before. It also enables handling occlusions by simultaneously recovering the structure of the occluded facade and segmenting the occluding objects. We believe that it can be extended in many directions, including semantizing three-dimensional point clouds and parsing images of general urban scenes
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Mateusz Kozinski. Segmentation of facade images with shape priors. Signal and Image processing. Université Paris-Est, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC1017⟩. ⟨tel-01240590v2⟩

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