Influence de la microstructure sur le comportement mécanique d’une couche nitrurée de l’acier de nuance 33CrMoV12-9 en vue de l’optimisation des propriétés en fatigue

Abstract : Design of high-performance and lighter mechanical systems needs a perpetual work on materials used. In the power transmission field, gaseous nitriding thermochemical treatment enhances significantly the life-cycle of the parts which are higher stressed on the surface. While the contribution of the mechanical property gradients due to the treatment on the fatigue life is well-known, the microstructure effects on the (micro-)plasticity mechanisms remains undetermined. This work concerns exclusively the nitrided 33CrMoV12-9 graded steel, used for gears and bearings in the naval and aeronautical industry. It aims particularly at defining mechanical properties linked to crack initiation mechanisms during high-cycle fatigue. Properties such as Young modulus, hardness, yield stress and fatigue limits are looked at several scales, from microstructural ones to hardened case one. In-situ and post-mortem investigation on loaded and damaged nitrided layers leads to estimating the microstructural influence on local deformations, microplasticity and damage but no particular mechanisms were found. Special fully-nitrided parts were designed to perform the experiments. This tool helps to carry out simple loadings and measure the strain-hardening curve and fatigue limits. Finally, it as been attested that measured properties depend on scales, means and methodology.
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François Godet. Influence de la microstructure sur le comportement mécanique d’une couche nitrurée de l’acier de nuance 33CrMoV12-9 en vue de l’optimisation des propriétés en fatigue. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018ENAM0046⟩. ⟨tel-02142590v3⟩

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